The object of the game is to hit the ball from a teeing ground into a hole with a series of strokes that follow the regulations. The required round is 18 holes, and most golf courses have that many. Standard 18-hole courses are between 6,500 and 7,000 yards (5,900 and 6,400 metres) long, with individual holes ranging from 100 to 600 yards in length (90 to 550 metres). Some courses only contain nine holes, which are played twice during a round. The clubs are tailored to the numerous positions in which the ball may rest as well as the varying distances between the ball and the hole. The goal is to hole the ball in as few strokes as possible.
The maximum weight of a regulation ball is 1.62 ounces (45.93 grammes), while the minimum diameter is 1.68 inches (4.27 cm). The ball’s velocity in US competition cannot exceed 250 feet per second when measured under defined conditions on a USGA-maintained device, although there is no such restriction in British play.
Golf clubs are used to play golf.
There are normally three or four wood clubs and nine or ten irons in the average good player’s kit (no more than 14 clubs may be carried during a round). A set of clubs contains no duplicates. The length and suppleness of the shaft, the weight, size, and form of the head, the angle at which the shaft ends and the head begins (the lie), and the angle of the club’s face from the vertical are all factors (the loft).
The numerous clubs are identified by their number as well as their names. The length and pitch of a club’s head are largely determined by its number, which corresponds to the distance and height to which a club will drive a ball. The lower the number, the greater the distance potential; as club numbers increase, distance drops and pitch (hence height) increases. The woods (or metals) are primarily utilised for long-distance driving. The equivalency of the numerical clubs’ names varies depending on the source, however the most regularly used clubs can be identified as follows:
The R&A and the USGA are the two governing bodies in golf. They try to maintain uniformity in rules by sharing opinions on interpretations and amendment suggestions. The current code stands in stark contrast to the Honourable Company’s founding rules, which were 13 in total. The first stipulated that the ball must be teed within a club length of the preceding hole, and that the tee must be placed on the ground. Tee and green were one and the same. The tee ball could not be replaced, but the player might (regulation 5) take his ball out of the water or “watery filth” to play it and give his opponent a stroke. When the R&A was founded, the golfers of St. Andrews followed the Leith rules practically verbatim. Before the R&A’s rules committee was founded in 1897 to become the final authority, there were periodic revisions.
Representatives from the Commonwealth, the European Golf Federation, the United States, and the British Unions Advisory Committee have been co-opted onto the rules committee. At various points, the United Kingdom and the United States had separate codes, but in 1967, a unified code was implemented.